Problem melamine tableware in the vein
The melamine tableware is favored by catering companies because of its resistance to falling.
Guangdong Province Hotel Supplies Association held a briefing on the 6th. Provincial industrial and commercial, quality supervision department representatives publicly explained the issue of melamine tableware
In recent years, melamine tableware has become more and more widely used in restaurants and homes. In the middle of last month, CCTV's "News 30 points" column survey found that some of the melamine tableware sold in the Hebei market was actually made of "urea formaldehyde resin" banned by the state. When urea formaldehyde resin meets water at a higher temperature, it will dissolve formaldehyde, a world-recognized carcinogen. CCTV reporters stalked and found out that such melamine tableware was also sold in the Guangzhou market. Although CCTV has misreported Zhang Guan Li Daidi, a plastics market that sells these inferior products, as “Guangzhou Panyu Shaxi International Hotel Supplies City”, it is an indisputable fact that these tableware are produced in two enterprises in Dongguan.
On the 6th, the Guangdong Province Hotel Supplies Industry Association held a press conference to inform the industry about the progress of self-correction. Experts from the Guangdong Provincial Administration for Industry and Commerce and the Provincial Quality Supervision Bureau also gave briefings and authoritative explanations on various concerns and disputes surrounding melamine tableware.
"Two flies have broken a pot of porridge", and after this heavy blow, where should the melamine tableware industry go?
Liang Huahui, deputy director of the Consumer Protection Department of the Guangdong Provincial Administration for Industry and Commerce, introduced at the press conference: After the CCTV exposed the problem of melamine tableware on April 12, the bureau immediately requested the industrial and commercial departments at all levels in the province to comprehensively solve the problem of melamine tableware in the circulation sales. Inventory. The Guangzhou Municipal Administration of Industry and Commerce has seized 211 boxes of melamine tableware for the “Heshun” brand problem, and 5475 melamine tableware without Chinese logo. At present, the relevant quality inspection agencies have been commissioned for sampling inspection.
Five unlicensed enterprise equipments were seized
In Dongguan, the quality supervision department launched a surprise inspection of 14 related enterprises within its jurisdiction. Up to now, nine of the domestic sales companies have been investigated and punished, and the finished products and raw materials produced without raw materials or suspected of using non-compliant raw materials have been sealed up and sampled. It has seized 810,000 unlicensed products and is suspected of using 510,000 finished products that do not conform to standard raw materials and 80 tons of urea formaldehyde resin. At the same time, the equipment of five unlicensed production enterprises was sealed up according to law.
Zhang Jie, Secretary General of Guangdong Hotel Supplies Industry Association, told reporters that Guangdong Province, as the main production and distribution center of hotel supplies and equipment in China, has gathered more than one third of the hotel supplies and equipment manufacturers in the country, and its production value accounts for the national hotel. 36% of the total production of goods, domestic sales accounted for 33% of the total sales of the industry, exports accounted for more than 40% of the overseas market share of the same industry, annual sales reached more than 200 billion yuan.
Among them, the market group formed spontaneously in the Shaxi area of Guangzhou has become an important target market for global procurement of hotel supplies, and its sales radiation has spread to a global scale. China's hotel supplies industry started late and is still in its infancy, a sunrise industry.
Zhang Jie believes that this incident is an act of very few manufacturers and merchants who are eager for quick success and self-discipline. This kind of behavior has brought great blow to the commercial reputation of the formal melamine tableware manufacturers and operators in Guangdong Province, and even other tableware enterprises.
The market has implemented a "blacklist" system
Liang Huahui believes that the Food Safety Law just passed by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress emphasizes that food production enterprises are the first responsible persons to ensure food safety, and clarify the implementation of the production and operation permit system, the system for claiming for tickets, and the system for recalling unsafe food. Wait. At the same time, it has also increased penalties for illegal food producers and operators. For example, if the food is produced in accordance with food safety standards, the operator knows what to do, and the consumer has the right to claim damages. Claim 10 times the payment for the purchaser or seller.
Under the new situation, enterprises must strengthen self-discipline, improve their sense of integrity, and regulate their own production and management behavior. Industry associations should strengthen self-discipline education for the industry and members, and improve the integrity and self-discipline of the whole industry. Zhang Jie revealed that after the issue of melamine tableware was exposed, the association actively cooperated with the functional departments at all levels to conduct network inspections, and called on the industry to self-examine and self-correct, and timely disclose the real industry information to the public.
Jiang Guofeng, manager of Guangzhou Shaxi International Hotel Supplies City, told reporters that as the owner, the market relies on contractual means to manage the management content of tenants. The reporter got a "Management Agreement" that must be signed when the tenant rents the shop in the market. Article 6 of the agreement stipulates: "Party B's relevant market environment health formulated by Party A... Consumer rights protection, food safety, and important The violation of the management system such as commodity filing shall be regarded as violation of this agreement and the lease contract by Party B. Party A shall have the right to unilaterally terminate the lease contract and recover the right to use the store."
In addition, the market has established an operator archive, implements a blacklist management system, and regularly or irregularly inspects the product variety and product quality operated by the tenant. Selling inferior products, "sweeping out the door."
Whether the safety of tableware is key or not
Cao Zijian is the owner of Jiangmen Oriental Kitchenware Co., Ltd. After 15 years of entrepreneurship and hard work, Oriental Kitchenware has more than 20,000 kinds of products, which is famous in the hotel supplies industry. In the past five years, Cao Zijian has steadily increased its business performance with the help of more than 400 square meters of shops leased in Guangzhou Shaxi International Hotel Supplies City.
He sadly told reporters: "These companies that open stores in the market have not created a brand for so many years! It must be cherished." Cao Zijian analyzed that the key to the safety of tableware lies in the use of materials. For example, stainless steel, according to the relevant regulations of the country, for different products, the standards of implementation are also different. The stainless steel standard for the pharmaceutical industry is the highest, followed by tableware manufacturing.
Whether the products of the kitchen manufacturer meet the food safety standards depends mainly on whether the manufacturer chooses the materials to be calibrated. Even if it is the same as kitchen supplies, the use criteria are different. For example, 430 stainless steel can be used to make oil bottles because the material will not rust when exposed to oil; however, it will rust if used to hold water, vinegar and salt. For the manufacture of tableware containing corrosive seasonings such as vinegar, it is necessary to use 304 stainless steel with corrosion resistance.
In addition to the selection of materials, it is almost impossible to form a factor that is harmful to food safety in the manufacturing of tableware. For example, stainless steel tableware is not cumbersome in its manufacturing process. After stretching and pressing the sheet, it is necessary to weld, polish and polish it. These links are not harmful to food safety.
Events affect the reputation of the entire industry
Zhang Shaoxun is the owner of Guangzhou Fangsheng Kitchenware. His shop specializes in selling melamine tableware. Among the more than 960 shops in Guangzhou Shaxi International Hotel Supplies City, there are 28 shops specializing in melamine tableware.
When talking about the problems caused by the two illegal enterprises in Dongguan last month, he was embarrassed: "Business is definitely affected. During this time, there are a large number of Canton Fair foreign businessmen in Guangzhou. Fortunately, my customers are It is a hotel, the old customers are mostly, the hotel's buyers are more professional, knowing that as long as the materials are no problem, the melamine tableware is safe. However, the misunderstanding of the people in our industry may be difficult to eliminate in a short time, they do not know the imitation porcelain. There are also many kinds of tableware - high-end food can be contacted; the urea-formaldehyde resin material that happened this time can only be used as a trash can and a tray, and can not be used as a tableware."
During this time, there are always old customers calling Zhang Shaoxun: "Do you have any problems with your products?" Zhang Shaoxun took the trouble to repeatedly produce "inspection reports" over and over again. He told reporters: "Production companies must have production licenses. In the sales and distribution process, the credit of each batch of goods must rely on the 'inspection report' to prove."
It is understood that the inspection is divided into two types: the manufacturer's self-inspection and the customer's required inspection. If the customer requests the inspection, the inspection cost shall be borne by the customer. According to Mr. Zhang's experience, foreign merchants especially value this inspection report. The first thing they want to buy is to ask the seller to produce an inspection report. Because goods must be exported from China, they must have an inspection report before they can be cleared.
Due to the disparity in the cost of materials, the price of urea-formaldehyde resin melamine tableware is less than half that of regular melamine tableware. In addition, the price of melamine tableware also includes the factor of damage to the goods. Unlike plastic tableware, melamine tableware cannot be recycled and reused. In the process of manufacturing and transportation, it may be scrapped.
The advantages of qualified melamine tableware are quite good.
According to the reporter, melamine tableware has been popular in Europe and America for decades, and promotion in mainland China is still a matter of nearly seven or eight years. The transmission line of melamine tableware in East Asia is “Japan – Taiwan, China – Mainland China”, which is especially used in Japanese cuisine. Previously, traditional plastic tableware was widely used in mainland China, and there were many recycled plastics that were harmful to the human body.
At the press conference yesterday, Wang Liqing, a senior engineer of the Product Quality Supervision and Inspection Center of the Guangdong Provincial Quality Supervision Bureau, made a scientific interpretation of the melamine tableware.
He introduced to reporters: melamine tableware is also called "melamine tableware". Melamine plastic is a thermosetting plastic which is made of melamine formaldehyde resin as the main raw material, and an appropriate amount of auxiliary materials such as pulp cellulose filler and coloring agent. Appearance and feel such as porcelain, acid and alkali resistance, surface hardness and impact strength are high, suitable for making tableware. It is boiled and sterilized in water, does not crack, fade, and is suitable for washing in automatic dishwashers.
As a tableware, it also has a prominent advantage: non-toxic and tasteless. It is used to contain oil, wine, sauce, vinegar and other spices, which will not affect the service life of the product, nor will it harm the quality of the food itself. Therefore, melamine tableware is an ideal variety in daily use plastic tableware. There is even evidence that children's tableware printed with cartoons can increase a child's appetite.
Inferior products release melamine at high temperature
However, melamine and formaldehyde resins in inferior products are very unstable, especially at high temperatures, and it is likely to release melamine molecules. If you put the inferior melamine plastics that hold the food into the microwave, it is extremely harmful.
At the same time, melamine plastics may also release formaldehyde, which is more harmful to children. The reason why the country prohibits the use of urea-formaldehyde resin mixture in the manufacture of food packaging products is because urea formaldehyde resin is the result of chemical reaction between urea and formaldehyde, and the chemical reaction is "reversible" - that is, at a certain temperature Next, urea and formaldehyde will be separated again.
Buy imitation porcelain tableware should choose no pattern
According to the relevant standards of melamine tableware in China: melamine tableware is immersed in hot water of 60 °C for 2 hours with a concentration of 4% acetic acid, and the limit of formaldehyde migration is 30 mg/L. The EU standard is higher: the tableware is immersed in hot water at 70 °C for 2 hours with a concentration of 3% acetic acid. The formaldehyde migration limit is 15 mg/L and the melamine migration limit is 30 mg/L.
Wang Liqing suggested: When purchasing melamine tableware, pay attention to see the materials, instructions for use, etc., and pay attention to whether the tableware indicates the implementation standards and other relevant information.
China has implemented production license management for melamine plastic tableware. Only enterprises that have obtained the “Quality and Safety Production License for Food-related Products” can produce melamine tableware. All qualified melamine tableware produced and processed by the certified enterprise must be marked with the quality and safety production license number uniformly formulated by the state before the sale, and the quality and safety market access mark “QS” should be printed and affixed. The certified products can be checked and confirmed by the quality and technical supervision department.
When consumers purchase, they should try to choose melamine tableware without decorative patterns, colorless and odorless, smooth surface and firm hand. The use of melamine tableware in the environment below 60 °C is the safest and should not be used at temperatures above 80 °C.